The world over city leaders and urban planners are trying to understand how intelligent technology can impact the interaction of citizens and businesses across the many layers of a city administration.
They are studying the ways to drive meaningful impact of digital social interactions, cost savings and sustainability. Digital city allows exchange of information that creates an opportunity for citizens to participate in good governance.
The idea of Smart City is to provide an epicentre for digital innovation that brings together talent, knowledge exchange and civic engagement and improves the linkage among technology, city layers, community and urban identity.
Smart City projects that put citizens at the centre of governance can become the change agent for transforming the city into centres of opportunities for innovation, cost savings, sustainability and proactive citizen engagement.
In all Smart City projects, a combination of vision, infrastructure and a clear communication campaign form the underlying elements of a good governance strategy and plan.
The aim should be to ensure a city’s technology strategy and infrastructure must tie local projects together to support an urban identity along with community and digital citizen aspirations.
The stakes are high for cities to become more efficient, sustainable and to improve the quality of life for citizens and businesses. It is important to ensure that Smart City technology supports a process for bringing along all stakeholders.
There are three basic layers in Smart City that can be enhanced by technology and Internet of Things (IoT). Sensors, hubs, cameras and location-based services monitor activity across transport, sewers, water, electricity, heat and communications systems.
They monitor roads, buildings, museums, parks, restaurants, shops, billboards, lights and even benches. The data-collecting sensors across city layers are integrated to generate and analyse data across systems to anticipate, mitigate and even prevent problems.
Citizens armed with a smartphones or wearable devices interact with the city, creating a symbiotic relationship that makes it possible for the Smart City to respond to their needs.
Creating the Smart City is a very complex issue as it involves common services, including transport, parking, energy, lighting, security, waste management and public safety.